HSK 1 Course - Chapter 5: Family and Friends
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Family & Friends

People

Vocabularies
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English:
to be called, to call, to shout
Example:
我叫...
My name is …
你好,我叫...
Hello, my name is ...


名字 (míng zi) - name
English:
name
Example:
你叫什么名字?
What's your name?


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English:
MW for years old
Example:
你几岁?
How old are you?
你多大?
How old are you?
我24岁
I'm 24 years old
他今年55岁
He's 55 years old this year


妈妈 (mā ma) - mother, mum
English:
mother, mum
Example:
这是我妈妈
This is my mum


爸爸 (bà ba) - father, dad
English:
father, dad
Example:
这是我爸爸
This is my dad
爸爸在哪儿?
Where is dad?
他在吃饭呢,你吃了吗?
He's eating, have you eaten already?
我吃了
I've already eaten


儿子 (ér zi) - son
English:
son
Example:
这是我儿子
This is my son


女儿 (nǚ ér) - daughter
English:
daughter
Example:
你的女儿很漂亮
Your daughter is very beautiful


家 (jiā) - family, home,
houshold, MW for
businesses,
families, etc.
English:
family, home, houshold, MW for businesses, families, etc.
Example:
你家有几个人?
How man people are there in your family?
我的家有三个人,爸爸,妈妈和我
There are 3 people in my family, my dad, my mum and me
这个家有四个人,爸爸,妈妈,儿子 和女儿
This family consists of 4 people, dad, mum, sun and daughter




Grammar
This grammar pattern can be used to say that somebody is doing something at the moment
somebody/something 在 doing something (呢)
Example:
他在吃饭呢 - He's eating
我在做饭 - I'm cooking


Travelling Home

Vocabularies
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English:
to think, to miss, to want
Example:
我很想你
I miss you
我很想我的家
I miss my family/I miss home
我在想
I'm thinking
我在想我要吃什么
I'm thinking what I should eat
你想一想
Think about it
我想吃东西
I want to eat something


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English:
to return, to answer, to reply, MW for events of action
Example:
我想回家
I want to go home
我明天回家
I'll go home tomorrow


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English:
to see, to catch sight of
Example:
我在这儿,你能看见我吗?
I'm here, can you see me?
我看见你了
I spotted you!


火车站 (huǒ chē zhàn) - train station
English:
train station
Example:
我是在火车站吃饭的
I ate something at the train station
火车站在那儿?
Where is the train station?




Grammar
This pattern can be used to put emphasis on time, place or method of doing something
somebody/something 是 time, place or method 的
Example:
我是在火车站吃饭的 - I had something at the train station
你是坐火车回来的吗? - You came back by train?
是,我是今天回来的 - Yes, I came back today


Vocabularies
飞机 (fēi jī) - airplane
English:
airplane
Example:
我坐飞机回家
I'm going home by plane


出租车 (chū zū chē) - taxi
English:
taxi
Example:
我是坐出租车去火车站的
I took a taxi to the train station


再见 (zài jiàn) - goodbye, see you
English:
goodbye, see you
Example:
明天见
See you tomorrow
再见
See you




Activities

Vocabularies
看 (kàn) - to see, to watch, to
look at
English:
to see, to watch, to look at
Example:
我在看你
I'm looking at you


电影 (diàn yǐng) - movie, film
English:
movie, film
Example:
我和我的朋友们今天去看电影
I and my friends are going to watch a film today
你今天想去看电影吗?
Do you want to go watch a film today?


电视 (diàn shì) - TV(-set)
English:
TV(-set)
Example:
我爸爸在看电视
My dad is watching TV


电脑 (diàn nǎo) - computer
English:
computer
Example:
我朋友的电脑很好
My friend's computer is really good


睡觉 (shuì jiào) - to sleep, to go to
bed
English:
to sleep, to go to bed
Example:
我去睡觉
I go to bed


打电话 (dǎ diàn huà) - to make a phone
call
English:
to make a phone call
Example:
我在打电话
I'm calling somebody


喂 (wèi) - to feed, to breed,
hello
English:
to feed, to breed, hello
Example:
喂,你好
Hello (when answering the phone)
我在喂狗
I'm feeding the dog


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English:
to rain
Example:
你今天想去看电影吗?
Do you want to go watch a film today?
今天下雨了,我不想去
It's raining today, I don't really want to go
明天会下雨
It might be raining tomorrow


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English:
sorry, I'm sorry
Example:
(see below)


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English:
understanding, knowledge, awareness, to know, to recognize, to understand, to be familiar with
Example:
对不起,我不认识他
Sorry, I don't know him


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English:
it doesn't matter
Example:
对不起,我不认识你
Sorry, I don't know you
没关系,我叫Mike,我是你朋友的朋 友
Doesn't matter, I'm Mike, I'm your friend's friend