The Chinese word 过 is a versatile word that can be used as a verb or a particle. As a verb, it means “to pass” or “to go through”, and is often used to describe the completion of an action in the past. As a particle, 过 is used to indicate that an action has been experienced before, but does not necessarily imply completion. For example, “我吃过这个菜” means “I have tried this dish before”. In both cases, 过 is an important word in Chinese that is used frequently in everyday conversation.
Particle: indicating action in the past
Verb: to pass, to cross, to spend time
|我去年去过上海||wǒ qùnián qù guò shànghǎi||I went to Shanghai last year|
|你吃过这道菜吗？||nǐ chī guò zhè dào cài ma?||Have you tried this dish before?|
|她刚刚过完生日||tā gānggāng guò wán shēngrì||She just celebrated her birthday|
|我昨天晚上没睡好，所以今天感觉过得很累||wǒ zuótiān wǎnshàng méi shuì hǎo, suǒyǐ jīntiān gǎnjué guò de hěn lèi||I didn’t sleep well last night, so I feel very tired today|
|他去年在中国留学过一年||tā qùnián zài zhōngguó liúxué guò yī nián||He studied abroad in China for a year last year|
|我们一起去过巴黎||wǒmen yīqǐ qù guò bālí||We went to Paris together|
|这个问题我已经解决过了||zhège wèntí wǒ yǐjīng jiějué guòle||I have already solved this problem|
|我们有时候会想起过去的事情||wǒmen yǒu shíhòu huì xiǎng qǐ guòqù de shìqíng||Sometimes we think of past events|
过 is part of HSK Level 2 and HSK Level 4 in HSK 2.0. In the newer HSK 3.0 it is part of HSK Level 1 and HSK Level 2.