The Chinese word 被 is a preposition that is commonly used to indicate the passive voice in a sentence. It is often translated as “by” or “was/were” in English. When used in a sentence, 被 typically comes before the verb and after the subject. For example, “我被狗咬了” means “I was bitten by a dog”. In this sentence, 被 indicates that the subject is the receiver of the action.
Relative Clause: by (for passive sentence)
|他被老师批评了||tā bèi lǎoshī pīpíng le||He was criticized by the teacher|
|这个问题被大家忽略了||zhège wèntí bèi dàjiā hūlüè le||This problem was ignored by everyone|
|我的手机被偷了||wǒ de shǒujī bèi tōu le||My phone was stolen|
|这个城市被污染得很严重||zhège chéngshì bèi wūrǎn de hěn yánzhòng||This city is heavily polluted|
|他被邀请参加了会议||tā bèi yāoqǐng cānjiā le huìyì||He was invited to attend the meeting|
|这个项目被取消了||zhège xiàngmù bèi qǔxiāo le||This project was cancelled|
|她被狗咬了||tā bèi gǒu yǎo le||She was bitten by a dog|
|这个故事被讲了很多次||zhège gùshì bèi jiǎng le hěn duō cì||This story has been told many times|
被 is part of HSK Level 3 in both HSK 2.0 and HSK 3.0.