The Chinese word 背 has various meanings depending on the context. It can mean “back” as in the physical body part, or “to carry on one’s back”. It can also mean “to memorize” or “to learn by heart”. For example, if someone says “我背了很多古诗”, it means “I have memorized many ancient poems”. As you can see, the meaning of 背 varies depending on the context in which it is used.
Verb: to learn by heart
Verb: to carry on the back/shoulder
Noun: back (body)
|我背了一本很厚的书||wǒ bèi le yī běn hěn hòu de shū||I carried a very thick book on my back|
|他背着背包去了旅行||tā bèi zhe bēi bāo qù le lǚ xíng||He went on a trip with a backpack on his back|
|她背着孩子走了很远的路||tā bèi zhe hái zi zǒu le hěn yuǎn de lù||She carried her child on her back and walked a long way|
|他背后有一个很大的家族支持他||tā bèi hòu yǒu yī gè hěn dà de jiā zú zhī chí tā||He has a large family supporting him from behind|
|他背叛了自己的朋友||tā bèi pàn le zì jǐ de péng yǒu||He betrayed his own friend|
|她背诵了一首古诗||tā bèi sòng le yī shǒu gǔ shī||She recited a classical poem|
|这个学生背了很多单词||zhè gè xué shēng bèi le hěn duō dān cí||This student memorized a lot of vocabulary words|
|他背负着巨大的压力||tā bèi fù zhe jù dà de yā lì||He is carrying a huge amount of pressure|
背 is part of HSK Level 5 in HSK 2.0. In the newer HSK 3.0 it is part of HSK Level 2 and HSK Level 3.