The Chinese word 而 is a conjunction that is commonly used to connect two clauses in a sentence. It is often translated to English as “and”, “but”, or “while”. However, 而 has a more nuanced meaning than simply connecting two ideas. It can also be used to indicate contrast, emphasis, or continuation of a thought. For example, in the sentence “他很聪明，而他不努力”, the 而 indicates a contrast between the speaker’s opinion of the person’s intelligence and their lack of effort.
Conjunction: and, but, yet
|他很聪明，而且很有耐心||tā hěn cōngmíng, érqiě hěn yǒu nàixīn||He is very smart, and also very patient|
|我们需要努力工作，而不是放弃||wǒmen xūyào nǔlì gōngzuò, ér bùshì fàngqì||We need to work hard, and not give up|
|她很漂亮，而且很有自信||tā hěn piàoliang, érqiě hěn yǒu zìxìn||She is very beautiful, and also very confident|
|这个问题很复杂，而且需要仔细考虑||zhège wèntí hěn fùzá, érqiě xūyào zǐxì kǎolǜ||This problem is very complex, and requires careful consideration|
|我们需要保护环境，而且要节约能源||wǒmen xūyào bǎohù huánjìng, érqiě yào jiéyuē néngyuán||We need to protect the environment, and also conserve energy|
|他很有才华，而且很努力工作||tā hěn yǒu cáihuá, érqiě hěn nǔlì gōngzuò||He is very talented, and also works very hard|