The Chinese word 破 means “broken” or “shattered”. It is commonly used to describe physical objects that are damaged or in a state of disrepair. However, it can also be used figuratively to describe something that is no longer functioning properly or has failed in some way. For example, someone might say “我的手机破了” to mean “my phone is broken”. In addition, 破 can be used as a verb to mean “to break” or “to shatter”.
Verb: to break, to destroy
Adjective: broken, damaged
|他用石头破了窗户||tā yòng shítou pò le chuānghu||He broke the window with a stone|
|这个计划已经破产了||zhège jìhuà yǐjīng pòchǎn le||This plan has already failed|
|警察破门而入抓捕了罪犯||jǐngchá pòmén ér rù zhuābǔ le zuìfàn||The police broke into the door and arrested the criminal|
|他的心情已经破碎了||tā de xīnqíng yǐjīng pòsuì le||His mood has already been shattered|
|这个城市的治安已经破坏了||zhège chéngshì de zhì’ān yǐjīng pòhuài le||The public security of this city has been destroyed|
|这个鼓已经破了||zhège gǔ yǐjīng pò le||This drum has already been broken|
|他的喉咙已经破了||tā de hóulóng yǐjīng pò le||His throat has already been ruptured|
|这个盒子已经破旧不堪了||zhège hézi yǐjīng pòjiù bùkān le||This box has already been worn out|
破 is part of HSK Level 4 in HSK 2.0. In the newer HSK 3.0 it is part of HSK Level 3.