The Chinese word 着 is a versatile particle that can be used to indicate a continuous or ongoing action or state. It can also be used to indicate a result or outcome of an action. For example, in the sentence “他正在睡觉着”, the 着 particle indicates that the person is currently in the process of sleeping. The use of 着 can vary depending on context and the specific verb it is used with.
Particle: indicating action in progress
Verb: to touch, to catch fire, to come in contact with, to fall asleep
|我穿着衣服去外面||wǒ chuānzhe yīfú qù wàimiàn||I’m wearing clothes to go outside|
|他坐在沙发上看电视，手里拿着遥控器||tā zuò zài shāfā shàng kàn diànshì, shǒu lǐ názhe yáokòngqì||He is sitting on the sofa watching TV, holding the remote control in his hand|
|她一边听音乐，一边做着功课||tā yībiān tīng yīnyuè, yībiān zuòzhe gōngkè||She is listening to music while doing homework|
|孩子们在公园里玩着游戏||háizimen zài gōngyuán lǐ wánzhe yóuxì||The children are playing games in the park|
|我们一起走着去看电影||wǒmen yīqǐ zǒuzhe qù kàn diànyǐng||We are walking together to see a movie|
|她拿着一本书走了进来||tā názhe yī běn shū zǒule jìnlái||She walked in holding a book|
|我们坐着船欣赏美景||wǒmen zuòzhe chuán xīnshǎng měijǐng||We are sitting on a boat enjoying the beautiful scenery|
着 is part of HSK Level 2 in HSK 2.0. In the newer HSK 3.0 it is part of HSK Level 1 and HSK Level 4.