The Chinese word 本 has several meanings, but it is often used to indicate “origin”, “source”, or “root”. Even more common is the use as measure word for books and files. Additionally, the word 本 can be used in compound words such as 本地, which means “local”, or 本质, which means “essence” or “nature”. Overall, the word 本 is a versatile and important word in Chinese.
Measure Word: for books, files, etc.
|zhè běn shū hěn yǒuqù
|This book is very interesting
|wǒ de mǔyǔ shì yīngyǔ, dàn wǒ yě xuéle yī běn zhōngwén shū
|My mother tongue is English, but I also studied a Chinese book
|wǒ mǎile yī běn zázhì
|I bought a magazine
|zhè běn xiǎoshuō hěn cháng, dàn hěn zhídé yī dú
|This novel is long, but worth reading
|wǒ de péngyǒu sòng gěi wǒ yī běn mànhuà shū
|My friend gave me a comic book
|zhè běn cídiǎn duì wǒ hěn yǒu bāngzhù
|This dictionary is very helpful to me
|wǒmen xūyào yī běn dìtú cáinéng zhǎodào zhèngquè de lùxiàn
|We need a map to find the right route