普通话 is the official language of the People’s Republic of China and is also known as Standard Mandarin or Putonghua. It is based on the Beijing dialect and is used as the lingua franca in China for communication between people who speak different dialects. It is also the language used in government, education, media, and business. The term 普通话 literally means “common speech” and it is the most widely spoken language in the world with over 1 billion speakers.
|你好，我是中国人||nǐ hǎo, wǒ shì zhōng guó rén||Hello, I am Chinese|
|你喜欢吃中国菜吗？||nǐ xǐ huān chī zhōng guó cài ma?||Do you like to eat Chinese food?|
|我们明天去北京旅游||wǒ men míng tiān qù běi jīng lǚ yóu||We are going to Beijing for sightseeing tomorrow|
|这是我的电话号码||zhè shì wǒ de diàn huà hào mǎ||This is my phone number|
|请问，去火车站怎么走？||qǐng wèn, qù huǒ chē zhàn zěn me zǒu?||Excuse me, how do I get to the train station?|
|我会说一点儿中文||wǒ huì shuō yì diǎn er zhōng wén||I can speak a little bit of Chinese|
|他是我的好朋友||tā shì wǒ de hǎo péng yǒu||He is my good friend|
|请问，这个菜单有英文吗？||qǐng wèn, zhè gè cài dān yǒu yīng wén ma?||Excuse me, is there an English menu?|
普通话 is part of HSK Level 3 in HSK 2.0. In the newer HSK 3.0 it is part of HSK Level 2.