The Chinese word 干 has multiple meanings depending on the context. It can mean “to do”, “to work”, “to manage”, or “to be involved in”. It can also mean “dry” or “stem”. In addition, it can be used as a slang term to mean “to have sex”. The meaning of the word is typically determined by the context in which it is used. For example, 干活 means “to work”, while 干燥 means “dry”.
Verb: to do, to work
|他每天都干很多工作||tā měi tiān dōu gàn hěn duō gōngzuò||He does a lot of work every day|
|我们需要干一些有意义的事情||wǒmen xūyào gàn yīxiē yǒuyìyì de shìqíng||We need to do something meaningful|
|他干了一个小时的运动||tā gàn le yī gè xiǎoshí de yùndòng||He exercised for an hour|
|她不喜欢干家务||tā bù xǐhuān gàn jiāwù||She doesn’t like doing housework|
|你干得很好！||nǐ gàn de hěn hǎo!||You did a great job!|
|他干了一份全职工作||tā gàn le yī fèn quánzhí gōngzuò||He got a full-time job|
|我们必须干预这个问题||wǒmen bìxū gānyù zhège wèntí||We need to intervene in this issue|
|这个工作太难了，我干不了||zhège gōngzuò tài nán le, wǒ gàn bù liǎo||This job is too difficult, I can’t do it|
干 is part of HSK Level 4 in HSK 2.0. In the newer HSK 3.0 it is part of HSK Level 1.