The Chinese word 对 has multiple meanings and uses, but its most common usage is as a preposition that indicates “to” or “towards” something or someone. It can also be used as an adjective to describe something as “correct” or “right”, or as a verb to mean “to face” or “to confront”. In addition, 对 is frequently used in Chinese idiomatic expressions and phrases, such as 对不起 which means “I’m sorry” or 对方 which means “the other party” or “opponent”.
Adjective: right, correct
Verb: to oppose, to face, to answer, to reply, to direct towards
Relative Clause: for, to, towards
|我们必须对这个问题进行深入的研究||wǒmen bìxū duì zhège wèntí jìnxíng shēnrù de yánjiū||We must conduct a thorough study of this problem|
|他对我非常友好||tā duì wǒ fēicháng yǒuhǎo||He is very friendly to me|
|这种行为对他的形象造成了很大的损害||zhèzhǒng xíngwéi duì tā de xíngxiàng zàochéngle hěn dà de sǔnhài||This behavior has caused great damage to his image|
|我们需要对这个方案进行修改||wǒmen xūyào duì zhège fāng’àn jìnxíng xiūgǎi||We need to make modifications to this plan|
|他对音乐有着非常浓厚的兴趣||tā duì yīnyuè yǒu zhe fēicháng nónghòu de xìngqù||He has a very strong interest in music|
|这种行为是对法律的严重违反||zhèzhǒng xíngwéi shì duì fǎlǜ de yánzhòng wéifǎn||This behavior is a serious violation of the law|
|让我们对这个问题进行讨论||ràng wǒmen duì zhège wèntí jìnxíng tǎolùn||Let’s discuss this issue|
对 is part of HSK Level 2 and HSK Level 4 in HSK 2.0. In the newer HSK 3.0 it is part of HSK Level 1 and HSK Level 2.