The Chinese word 副 can be translated to “vice” or “deputy” in English. It is often used as a prefix to describe a secondary or supporting role, such as 副总统 which means “vice president” or 副作用 which means “side effect”. It can also be used as a measure word for certain objects, such as 副手套 which means “pair of gloves”. Overall, 副 is a versatile word that is commonly used in both formal and informal contexts.
Adjective: deputy, vice-
Measure Word: for pairs, sets, etc.
|我的父亲是一位副总裁||wǒ de fùqīn shì yī wèi fù zǒngcái||My father is a vice president|
|他是我们公司的副经理||tā shì wǒmen gōngsī de fù jīnglǐ||He is the deputy manager of our company|
|她是一位副教授，研究领域是心理学||tā shì yī wèi fù jiàoshòu, yánjiū lǐngyù shì xīnlǐxué||She is an associate professor, her research field is psychology|
|这是我的副本，你可以拿去复制||zhè shì wǒ de fùběn, nǐ kěyǐ ná qù fùzhì||This is my copy, you can take it to duplicate|
|她的副作用包括头痛和恶心||tā de fù zuòyòng bāokuò tóutòng hé ěxīn||Its side effects include headaches and nausea|
|这个副词用法有点复杂，请仔细阅读说明||zhège fùcí yòngfǎ yǒudiǎn fùzá, qǐng zǐxì yuèdú shuōmíng||The usage of this adverb is a bit complicated, please read the instructions carefully|
副 is part of HSK Level 6 in HSK 2.0. In the newer HSK 3.0 it is part of HSK Level 6.